Places in Malaysia Site Map
Kuala Lumpur (KL) is located at the confluence of Klang River and Gombak River. It was previously an area of Selangor and was a swampy land before it was developed. Its history started in 1850s as a mining settlement. The story here may be a little different but it goes like this.

Once upon a time in 1857, Raja Abdullah the representative of the Yam Tuan who administered Klang, went to explore around the confluence of the 2 rivers after he heard that there were tin ores. Raja Abdullah, the son-in-law of Sultan Abdul Samad was assisted by Raja Jumaat of Lukut, also another son-in-law of Sultan Abdul Samad. At first, they took 87 chinese workers to explore and clear the place but almost most of the chinese workers died due to malaria. This did not deter them and Raja Abdullah brought in more chinese workers as the were more experienced miners. They explored deeper into the forest towards Ampang area and finally found tin ore. So, tin settlement began to expand.

Many chinese miners were brought in. Due to this, in 1858, the Sultan made Hiu Siew the first 'Kapitan Cina' there but lasted until 1861 only. In 1862, Yap Ah Loy came to KL and became the 3rd Kapitan Cina from 1868 to 1885. In 1875, Yap Ah Loy had to rebuild KL because it was destroyed by civil war and mines were flooded. Yap Ah Loy was the most prominent Kapitan Cina, developing and controling the Chinese communities where majority of them were either members of Hai San or Ghee Hin gangs there.

In 1880, the British changed their administration centre from Klang to Kuala Lumpur. The orang asli community was staying around this area but the British began to develop it into a modern city. In 1884, Royal Selangor Club was formed and Yap Ah Loy suffered from lung disease. He passed away in 1885. In 1896, KL was made the city of Federated Malay States. In 1902, the Kapitan system was abolished as the British began to control the output of tin and control the Chinese mining community in Kuala Lumpur. By the time before independence, Kuala Lumpur already had beautiful brick buildings.

Some outstanding historical buildings in Kuala Lumpur are Sultan Abdul Samad Building, Royal Selangor Club and Jamek Mosque.

Sultan Abdul Samad Building.
Sultan Abdul Samad Building
Royal Selangor Club.
Royal Selangor Club
Jamek Mosque.
Jamek Mosque
Old National History Museum.
Old National History Museum

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